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Possible Theories or solutions to Age old questions/mysteries of Ancient Civilizations

There are many similarities when we compare ancient civilizations.  Such as similar technologies, buildings, religions, mathematical knowledge, astronomical knowledge, calendrical knowledge, and so on and so forth.  Some scholars say that it is merely coincidence, however, there is a fine line between coincidences and the similar relationships of these civilizations.  What I seek to do here is combine what I have found out through my own research with the research of others, and show the relationships and the similarities between ancient civilizations.
Astronomical Alignments, and Orientation
Aligned along the Center of the Earth?
Easter Island is exactly aligned along a straight line around the center of the Earth, with the Nazca Lines, Ollantaytambo, Tassili n'Ajjer, and the Great Pyramid of Egypt.
Other world wonders that are in one tenth of one degree of this alignment include: Persepolis (capital city of ancient Persia), Mohenjo Daro (ancient capital of the Indus Valley), Khajuraho (temple city of the Chandela Empire in central India), the Oracle of Zeus-Amon at Siwa,  and the lost city of Petra.
The ancient Sumerian city of Ur and the Angkor temples in Cambodia and Thailand are within one degree of latitude of this alignment.
*For more on this visit:
*Global Grid Theory-
A Mars/Earth Connection-
Great Pyramid at Giza-
*Has a footprint of over 13 acres and consists of approximately 2.5 million limestone blocks.
*Its 4 sides are accurately aligned to face North, East, South, and West with an error of only about 3 minutes of an arc in any direction; a variation of less than 0.06 per cent.
*They also are virtually identical in length, the North side measures at 230-25 metres, the South 230-44 metres, the East 230-38, and the West 230-35, meaning that although no side is identical, the difference between the longest and shortest is only 19 centimetres, or less than 0.08 per cent of the average length.
*The apex of the Pyramid corresponds to the North Pole, the perimeter to the Equator, both in proper scale.
*Each flat face of the Pyramid was designed to represent one curved quarter of the northern hemisphere, or spherical quadrant of 90 degrees.
*If you take the line of longitude that the Pyramid lies on, and the latitude that the Pyramid lies on, 31 degrees North, by 31 Degrees West, they are the 2 lines that cover the most combined land area in the world.  In essence making the Pyramid the center of all the land mass on Earth.
*The Egyptians believed that the Gods lived in the Duat, the Kingdom of Osiris.  it is located in the region of the sky where Orion, and Sirius rise heliacally just ahead of the sun at dawn on the summer soltice.  Some Egyptologists have proposed that the Giza Plaza, with its 3 large pyramids, the Sphinx and the Nile, is a mirror reflection of the Duat.  Milky Way. The concept of creating sacred landscape on earth that reflects the night sky is not uncommon in other ancient cultures. By building pyramids, temples, and tombs aligned with stars and the earths cardinal points, ancient people venerated their gods, bringing divine energy to the earth, which prevented the world from falling into chaos.
Here are some other Great Pyramid facts:

*There is so much stone mass in the pyramid that the interior temperature is constant and equals the average   temperature of the earth, 68 degrees Fahrenheit.  The pyramid is estimated to have 2,300,000  stone blocks weighing from 2-30 tons each with some weighing as much as 70 tons.

*The outer mantle was composed of 144,000 casing stones, all highly polished and flat to an accuracy of 1/100th of an inch, about 100 inches thick and weighing about 15 tons each with nearly perfect right angles for all six sides.

*The casing stones weighing as much as 20 tons were placed with an accuracy of 5/1000ths of an inch, and an intentional gap of about 2/100ths of an inch for mortar.

*Assuming 590,712 blocks and a build time of 20  years an average of 81 blocks per day would need to be placed. Using 10 work crews per side of the pyramid, each work crew would need to place 2 block per day.

*The mortar used is of an unknown origin. It has been analyzed and it's chemical composition is known but it can't be reproduced. It is stronger than the stone and still holding up today.

*The cornerstone foundations of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing with heat expansion and earthquakes.

*The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this way.

*The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8-sided pyramid. The effect is not visible from the ground or from a distance but only from the air, and then only under the proper lighting conditions.
*The granite coffer in the King's Chamber is too big to fit through the passages and so it must have been put in place during construction.
*Microscopic analysis of the coffer reveals that it was made with a fixed point drill that used hard jewel bits and a drilling force of 2 tons.
*The coffer was sawed out of a block of solid granite. This would have required bronze saws 8-9 ft. long set with teeth of sapphires. Hollowing out of the interior would require tubular drills of the same material applied with a tremendous vertical force.
*There are no hieroglyphics or writings in the Great Pyramid.
*Each of the ceiling stones in the Grand Gallery were individually removable. The Great Pyramid could have functioned as a stellar observatory during its construction.
*In the King's Chamber all of the stone joints are very tight except in the lower left-hand corner of the west wall. Here the joints are larger than normal and covered by mortar. This is a strong indication of an opening to another chamber or passage. The Egyptian government has refused requests for further exploration.
*The Pythagorean relationship represented by a 3-4-5 right triangle is displayed in the dimensions of the King's Chamber. The east wall diagonal is 309", the length is 412", and the long central diagonal is 515". However, the Pythagorean relation was not identified until 497 B.C. In the King's Chamber, the stone over the entrance is the only stone in the walls that is two courses high. It represents a 3-4-5 Pythagorean relationship by its measure of 124"L x 93"H x 155" diagonal.
*With the mantle in place, the Great Pyramid could be seen from the mountains in Israel and probably the moon as well. It's polished surfaces would have reflected light like a beacon.
*Mean Earth Temperature: The average  temperature of Egypt equals the average temperature of earth = avg. temperature of Queen's Chamber = 68  degrees Fahrenheit.

*With the original surrounding courtyards and temples in place, the pyramid was used as a sundial.

*The pyramid was used to indicate solstices and equinoxes. Due to the angle of the sides of the pyramid vs. it's latitude, it casts no shadow  at noon during the spring equinox.

*The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the pyramid was probably exactly aligned at one time.

*The Great Pyramid is located at the center of the land mass of the earth. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.

*The length of a base side is 9131 pyramid inches measured at the mean socket level, or 365.24 pyramid cubits, which is the number of days in a year. {9131/25 = 365.24, accurate to 5 digits}

*The perimeter of the base divided by 100 = 365.24, the number of days in a year. {9131 PI * 4 / 100, accurate to 5 digits}

*The length of the Antechamber used as the diameter of a circle produces a circumference of 365.242. {accurate to 6 digits}

*The length of the granite portion of the floor of the antechamber to the King's Chamber times 2*sqrt(Pi) = 365.242

*The average height of land above sea level for the earth is 5449 inches. This is also the height of the pyramid.

*On midnight of the autumnal equinox in the year of the Great Pyramid's completion, a line extending from the apex pointed to the star Alcyone. Our solar system is thought by some to revolve around this star along with other solar systems much like the planets revolve around our sun.
*The pyramid positions on the ground are a reflection of the positions of the stars in the constellation Orion circa 10,400 B.C. Five of the 7 brightest stars have pyramid equivalents: The 3 great pyramids of Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura for the belt of Orion, the pyramid of Nebka at Abu Rawash corresponds to the star Saiph, the pyramid at Zawat al Aryan corresponds to the star Bellatrix. The only two missing star positions are for Betelgeuse and Rigel. 
*The height of the Great Pyramid, minus the height of the capstone represents one millionth the time it takes light to travel the mean radius of the earth's orbit around the sun (1 astronomical unit) using 1 pyramid inch equals 24 hours (mean solar day). {(5813.2355653 - 103.0369176) / 10**6 = .0057101986+ days = 493.36116 seconds = 8 minutes, 13.36 seconds }

*The word "pyramid" is from the Coptic "pyr" meaning division, and "met", meaning ten, "the division of ten".

*The pyramid is the only remaining structure of the 7 wonders of the ancient world.

*No mummy has ever been found in a pyramid in Egypt. Mummies have always come from mastabas or tombs in the Valley of the Kings.

*Initially, after the 5 chambers above the King's Chamber were opened, those that entered the 2nd chamber were turned black by a powder which existed only in that chamber. It was analyzed and determined to be the dust from the cast off shells and skins of insects.

>>Note>>I found these facts at this website:  I tried to limit them, and I listed only the most interesting and important facts!

Coming Soon!!- The Alignments of Mayan Temples, and alignments of the Temple of Angkor Wat
Ancient Mysteries and Theories
Throughout history there have been many scholars and others who have suggested theories or thoughts of ancient mysteries.  Here are a few:
Where is Atlantis, What happened to the Lost Civilization?
The search for Atlantis began ever since Plato's mention of the Lost Civilization, and there has been countless theories on the subject, but the most promising come from a man by the name of Edgar Cayce.  Edgar Cayce was an American psychic of the 20th century, who predicted countless events in history before they happened, and told of where things from the past could be found as well.  While in a trance state Edgar Cayce told of where we could find information about the Lost Civilization of Atlantis.  According to Cayce while in a trance state, he said that there are vaults at the base of the Sphinx at Giza, and there would be a Hall of Records which detailed the history of not only Atlantis but of mankind and our origins as well and he said that the last remaining survivors of Atlantis put them there.  He said that the secret passage underneath the Sphinx was the key to it all, and this is supposed to lead to a tomb where the annals of the lost continent of Atlantis are hidden for safe keeping. Edgar Cayce said that one day we will find the passage and it will be opened.  There are many who dispute this claim, and modern archaeologists have not found anything just yet, however, recently there has been evidence that there are secret passages and possibly chamber beneath the Sphinx, however, the Egyptian government has refused to let anyone dig there to find out for sure what is there.  The word is that the Egyptians are scared because they have identified the Sphinx and the Pyramids for so long as being Egyptian and being built by Egyptians, and they are scared to find out that it might have been the Atlanteans who built both the Pyramids and Sphinx, and many believe this because not only were the Atlanteans supposedly technologically superior but, there is evidence to suggest that the Pyramids and especially the Sphinx are older, much older than previously suggested, and some have given the actual age of the Sphinx as being 10,000-12,000 years old, which would suggest that they were built not by the Egyptians but another much more advanced civilization, and the Egyptian government may be scared of finding out the truth and many believe that they know the truth and don't want it to get out!!  YOU DECIDE!
Some questions that are being kicked around:
Why is it that the ethnicity of the Olmec Head Statues look like Africans?
Was Cross Atlantic Travel and Trade Possible back then?
Well, much to the surprise of everyone, it was, and in fact it was proved by a man named Thor Heyerdhal more than 50 years ago.  In 1947, after navigating for 101 days proved that travel by boat was possible in ancient times, as he traveled 8,000 km to reach Raroia atoll in the Tuamutu archipelago, in French Polynesia on a reed boat (consistent with technology back then), called the Kon-Tiki and this voyage is known as the "Kon-Tiki Expedition."
In 1970, he did it again, this time sailing from the Moroccan port of Safi to the Barbados in 57 days on a raft made of papyrus reed fenders and was named the "Ra-II."  it was built by the Aymara Indains who had come from the Bolivian side of Lake Titicaca and they partially imitated ancient Egyptian vessels that were thought not to have been capable of floating further than the Nile.  In 1977-78, he built another reed boat called the "Tigris", and was built upon a Sumerian model, and he intended to sail down the Tigris River (Iraq), reach the mouth of the Indus (Pakistan), and eventually end up in Djibouti, in the Red Sea. 
Why is it that the mummies in Egypt have trace amounts of plants in them that are only indigenous to the Americas?
Is it just a coincidence that mummification exsisted in ancient civilizations all over the world using similar methods and ceremonies?
Is it just a coincidence that many ancient civilizations have similar technologies, religions, societal practices, as well as have similar if not the same knowledge of calendars, astronomy, mathematics, physics, and engineering skills as many civilizations have built similar if not the same pyramids/temples with similar astronomical alignments and were built for similar if not the same purposes?
Some 5,000 years ago, for some unknown reason, a civilization that we have still not discovered disappeared from its original home, settled along the Nile, at the outlet of Mesopotamian Rivers and along the Indus. 
Around 3,100 and 3,000 BC, civilizations appeared suddenly and in full bloom, with astrology, astronomy, calendar systems, hieroglyphic writing, architecture, metallurgy, etc in these three different areas.  And all depicted their early ancestry as navigating on reed boats!!
It is almost impossible for such civilizations to develop so suddenly in one generation or even in one century!  So this shows that something happened before.
From the Indus Valley, culture spread eastward towards China and Japan, while, from the Near East and Mesopotamia, its in the other direction towards Cyprus, Crete, Malta, etc. and we still don't know how, after that, similar civilizations also developed in Mexico and Peru.  It is actually neccessary to examine ancient pottery from these civilizations to notice disturbing similarities-particulary about mythical original bearded men.
There must have been a common civilization-bearded men, reed boat builders, astronomers, and people who worshipped the Sun by building stepped Pyramids, like those which were built in Saquara (Egypt), Ur (Sumer/Mesopotamia), Palenque (Mexico), Tiahuanaco (Bolivia), and also Tenerife (Canary Islands), just to name a few!

Copyright 2004 Michael Chapman